The meeting was told that a proposal to cut the haddock quota by 75 per cent was mitigated in December to a reduction of 33 per cent for 2014, but plans for a further big cut could be in the pipeline for next year.
It also heard that although the broad trends in the Celtic Sea are positive and consistent with those for the whole NE Atlantic, fishing mortality has fallen dramatically since 2000.
Plus, the number of stocks reaching maximum sustainable yield (MSY) is increasing steadily every year – the appearance of huge populations of haddock on the south-west grounds, where they had not been prevalent in recent years presents a major management problem.
As a species, haddock is renowned for ‘random and sporadic recruitment spikes’, the reasons for which are probably environmental and are imperfectly understood.
A statement after the meeting said: ‘Welcome though the availability of this resource undoubtedly is, it presents a nightmare to manage in the context of the ultra-mixed fisheries in the Celtic Sea.
‘Setting a quota in multi-species, multi-gear and multi-jurisdiction fisheries is always a challenge but the mix of factors in the Celtic Sea makes management uniquely tricky. The impending discard ban adds an extra layer of urgency.’
Other issues such as the Total Allowable Catch were discussed and the meeting agreed to the following points:
1. Work with CEFAS scientists to strengthen understanding of incoming recruitment and the spatial and temporal distribution of haddock stocks.
2. Immediately develop a robust industry data-collection scheme on board the vessels to strengthen the information base for future management decisions, including the discard ban (which kicks in for these fisheries in January 2016).
3. Work with scientists on the design and immediate implementation of a fisheries science partnership project to define gear adaptations which would reduce catches of size grades 4 and 5 (smallest but adult) as well as any residual catch below the minimum landing size.
4. Work with the authorities and fishermen in other member states to ensure the adoption of at least equivalent measures.
5. Work within the context of the North West Waters RAC, and the new regionalised CFP, to develop a mixed fishery plan for the Celtic Sea that would address the biological realities of ‘random and sporadic recruitment spikes’.
Concluding, the statement said:
‘There is no disguising the difficulties in managing this issue but the Newlyn meeting demonstrated perfectly what can be achieved when fishermen, scientists and managers sit down and work together.
‘The hope is that this way of dealing with undoubtedly difficult issues will now replace the top-down dictat from Brussels, which in the past has almost invariably led to blunt and inappropriate measures.’